In the 1850's farmers relied on manual labour, animal power and limited simple tools. Many hours of labour was needed to plant, maintain and harvest any crops. Some methods that were used are walking plows, harrows and hand planting.
Before the 1950's the use of machinery in agriculture was very rare. In 1954 for the first time the amount of tractors was higher than the number of horses and mules on farms. With the use of tractors farmers were now able to spread commercial fertilizer on the crops.